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GALLIFORMES

Galliformes are heavy-bodied ground-feeding domestic or game birds. Most are plump-bodied with thick necks and moderately long legs, and have rounded and rather short wings. They do not fly well if at all, but walk and run instead for transportation. These birds vary greatly in size from 12-120 cm. Many adult males have one to several sharp horny spurs on the back of each leg, which they use for fighting. They can be found worldwide and in a variety of habitats, including forests, deserts, and meadows. Male courtship behavior includes elaborate visual displays of plumage. Gallinaceous birds feed on a variety of plant and animal material, which may include fruits, seeds, leaves, shoots, flowers, tubers, roots, insects, snails, worms, lizards, snakes, small rodents, and eggs.

Some of the Gallifrom families:
Cracidae: chachalac, curassow, guan.  Numididae : Guineafowl   Odontophoridae : New World Quail
Phasianidae: francolin, grouse, partridge, pheasant, Old World quail.



Pheasants

Order Galliformes    Family Phasianidae   

Pheasants are characterised by strong sexual dimorphism, males being highly ornate with brightcolours and adornments such as wattles and long tails. Males are usually larger than females and have longer tails. Males play no part in rearing the young. Pheasants typically eat seeds and some insects.


Genus Afropavo

Peafowl,_Congo  Afropavo congensis  Found: Congo Basin of Africa
The male Congo Peafowl has mostly brown upperparts; blue shoulders, underparts; bare red skin; gray feet; black tail. Female has mainly chestnut-brown plumage; chestnut crest.
Similar to: Indian Peafowl. Both sexes of Congo Peafowl resemble immature Indian Peafowl.
Image by: 1) Melissa  2) VivaAntarctica  3) LtShears
1) Female 2, 3) Male



Genus Argusianus

Pheasant, Great Argus   also  Great Argus  Argusianus argus  Found: Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia
The Great Argus has mainly brown plumage; blue head, neck; rufous upper-breast; black hair-like feathers on crown; red legs.
Similar to: Crested Argus. Great Argus has blue head, neck; Crested Argus does not. Their ranges do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Dick Daniels - Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo  2) Dick - Sylvan Heights    3) Sandy Cole - National Aviary  4) Dick - San Diego Zoo
1) Female 2, 3) Male



Genus Catreus - 1 species

Pheasant,_Cheer  Catreus wallichii  Found: above 6000 feet in Himalayas
The Cheer Pheasant has mainly green and brown plumage; bare red facial skin.
Image by: 1) BelgianChocolate  2) Dhruvaraj



Genus Chrysolophus

Pheasant, Golden  Chrysolophus pictus  Found: Asia, Europe (introduced)
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Birds of Eden, South Africa  5) Sandy Cole - Birds of Eden  6) Arthur Chapman
1, 2) Female 3 - 6) Male



Pheasant, Lady Amherst's  Chrysolophus amherstiae Found: Asia
Image by: 1, 2, 4) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  3) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights   
1, 2, 3, 4) Male



Genus Crossoptilon
The eared pheasants have ear tufts. Eared pheasants move across deep snow by whirring their wings and fluttering close to the ground, and supporting their weight on their tails.

Pheasant,_Blue-eared  Crossoptilon auritum  Found: mountain forests of central China
The Blue-eared Pheasant has mainly bluish plumage; long white moustach; black crown; mainly black tail.
Image by: 1) Zicon   2) Stevenn  3) dims2012


Pheasant,_Brown-eared  Crossoptilon mantchuricum  Found: northern China
The Brown-eared Pheasant has a long white moustache; black crown, neck, underparts; brown mid-back; whitish rear-back, most of tail; red bare facial skin.
Image by: 1) Josh_More  2) Somongkol_Teng


Pheasant,_White-eared  Crossoptilon crossoptilon  Found: India, China
The White-eared Pheasant has mainly white plumate; black fore-crown, rear-tail.
Image by: 1, 3) Snowyowls  2) vowersweims




Genus Gallus

Junglefow,_Gray  Gallus sonneratii  Found: India
The male Gray Junglefowl has gray mantle with spots; red wattles and combs; red legs with spurs. Female has duller plumage; black and white streaking on underparts; no wattles or combs; yellow legs.;
Image by: 1) Srihari_Kulkarni  2, 3) Yathin_Krishnappa  4) Nagesh_Kamath


Junglefowl,_Green   Gallus varius   Found: Indonesia
The male Green Junglefowl has an iridescent mantle of gleaming scales. Each scale is vivid blue at its base and moves through various shades of gold and bronzed green. It also has some orange on the wing coverts; black breast, neck; blue in center of comb. Female has mainly brown plumage with occasionally green feathers.
Image by: 1) Greg_Boege  2) Stevenn  3) Bernard_Dupont


Junglefowl, Red also Rooster also Male Chicken  Gallus gallus   Found: almost everywhere; native to Asia
The domesticated chicken has been been derived form the Junglefowl.
Image by: 1, 2, 3, 4) Dick Daniels - Hawaii  5) S. Shankar - Kuala Lumpur Bird Park
None are pure Junglefowl. Junglefowl have gray legs while domestic fowl have golden yellow legs.



Junglefowl,_Sri_Lanka  Gallus lafayettii  Found: Sri Lanka
The male Sri Lanka Junglefowl has orange red plumage on front part; purple to black wings and tail; red bare skin and wattles on head; red comb with yellow center. Female has dull brown plumage with white patterning on underparts; much smaller than male.
Image by: 1) Shanaka_Aravinda  2) David Cook  3) Steve_Garvie
1) Chicks 2) Female 3) Male



Genus Ithaginis - 1 species

Pheasant,_Blood  Ithaginis cruentus  Found: eastern Himalayas
The male Blood Pheasant has dark ash upperparts with white shafts; wings tinged with green with broad strokes of white along each feather; deep crimson chin; green underparts with crimson margins resembling splaches of blood; red feet; red or orange bare skin around eyes.
Image by: 1) Biodiversity_Heritage_Library  2) Rofikul_Islam  3) Allan_Drewitt
2) Female 3) Male



Genus Lophophorus

Monal,_Chinese  Lophophorus lhuysii  Found: mountains of central China
The male Chinese Monal has mainly bluish-green upperparts; reddish-gold mantle; metallic green head; blue orbital skin; black underparts. Female has dark brown plumage; whitish throat.
Image by: 1) Smithsonian_Wild  2) Snowyowls


Monal,_Himalayan  Lophophorus impejanus  Found: Himalayas
The male Himalayan Monal has coppery feathers on back, nape; blue rest of upperparts; white rump; green crest; rufous tail. Female has prominant white patch on throat; white tipped tail.
Image by: 1) Cuatrok77  2) Dibyendu_Ash  3) Jorge_Hempel  4, 5) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights
1, 2) Female 3, 4, 5) Male


Monal,_Sclater's  Lophophorus sclateri  Found: east Himalayas region
The male Sclater's Monal has purplish-green upperparts; short and curly metallic curly crown; copper neck; purplish-black throat; blue orbital skin; yellowish-orange bill; white tail. Female has mainly dark brown plumage; white throat, tail tip; dull bluish orbital skin; pale yellow bill.
Image by: 1) Prasad 2, 3) Zhang_Yong - southeastern Tibet



Genus Lophura

Fireback,_Crested   Lophura ignita  Found: Asia
The male Crested Fireback has a black crest; mainly bluish-black plumage; reddish-brown rump; black outer tail feather; bare blue facial skin; red iris. Female has brown upperparts; spotted black-and-white underparts; blue facial skin; crest.
Image by: 1) SuperJew - Jerusalem Biblical Zoo  2) Norbert Potenski 3) Eva Hadja  4) Dick Daniels - Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle


Fireback, Crestless  Lophura erythrophthalma  Found: Asia
The Crestless Fireback is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore.
Image by: 1) Muzina Shanghai  2) Kenpei  3) Dick_Culbert


Fireback, Siamese  Lophura diardi  Found: Asia
The main Siamese Fireback has gray plumage; red facial skin; red legs. Female has brownish plumage with blacking wing and tail feathers.
Image by: 1, 2) Cuatrok77  3) Dick Daniels - Miami Zoo


Pheasant, Bulwer's  Lophura bulweri  Found: southeast Asia (Borneo)
The male Bulwer's Pheasant has black upperparts; dark maroon breast; crimson legs; white tail with long curved feathers; bright blue facial skin. Female has dull brown plumage; red legs; blue facial skin.
Image by: 1) Stickpen - San Diego Zoo  2) Lorraine Paulhus - San Diego Zoo
1, 2) Male


Pheasant, Edwards's  Lophura edwardsi  Found: Vietnam
The Edwards's Pheasant has red legs and facial skin. Male has mainly blue-black plumage with a crest. Female is drab brown.
Similar to: Vietnamese Pheasant. The male Vietnamese Pheasant is like an Edwards Pheasant with a white tail.
Image by: 1) Thaisk  2) Dick Daniels - Miami Zoo  3) Joop Reuvecamp
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Pheasant, Kalij  Lophura leucomelanos  Found: northern India to western Thailand; introduced - Hawaii
The male Kalij Pheasant are variable in appearance depending on the subspecies. They all have partially bluish-black plumage;  while females are overall brownish. They have bare red face and grayish legs.
Image by: 1) brewbooks - Hawaii  2) Frank Schulenburg - Hawaii  3) Pat and Keith Taylor - Mauna Loa Road, Volcano National Park, Hawaii  4) Lip Kee - Assam India  5) Tinyfroglet - Hawaii
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5) Male


Pheasant,_Saladori's  Lophura inornata  Found: Sumatra (Indonesia)
The male Saladori's Pheasant has mainly dark blue plumage; red facial skin. Femal has mainly brown plumage; red facial skin.
Image by: 1) David_Louis_Burton  2) Joseph Smit  3, 4) Frank_Wouters


Pheasant, Silver  Lophura nycthemera  Found: Asia
The male Silver Pheasant has white upperparts; black underparts. Female has brown plumage. Both sexes have red face, legs.
Image by: 1) Andrew Butka   2) MZPlus  3) Sandy Cole - Central Zoo of Nepal 


Pheasant, Swinhoe's  Lophura swinhoii  Found: Taiwan
The Swinhoe's Pheasant has glossy blue-purple breast, belly, rump; red facial wattles; white back of neck, crest, tail feathers. Female has brown plumage with complex barring.
Image by:  1) Dick Daniels - World of Birds, Cape Town   2) Quartl - Walsrode Bird Park, Germany
1) Female  2) Male


Pheasant,  Vietnamese   Lophura hatinhensis  also  Lophura edwardsi   Found: Vietnam
The Vietnamese Pheasant is considered by some to be a subspecies of the Edwards's Pheasant.
Similar to: Edwards's Pheasant. The male Vietnamese Pheasant is like an Edwards Pheasant with a white tail.
Image by: 1) Glen Bowman  2) Tomosuke 
1) Pair  2) Male



Genus Pavo

Peafowl, Common also Indian Peafowl also Peacock Pavo cristatus     Found: almost everywhere; native to India
The peacock (male) is predominantly blue with a fan-like crest. He is best known for the long train made up of elongated upper-tail covert feathers which bear colourful eyespots. The peahen (female) lacks the train, has a greenish lower neck and has a duller brown plumage.
Introduced: The Americas, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia.
Similar to: Congo Peafowl. Both sexes of Congo Peafowl resemble immature Indian Peafowl.
Similar to: Green Peafowl. Male Common Peafowl is mainly blue; male Green Peafowl is mainly green.
Image by:   1) Dick - Flamingo Gardens in Flroida   2) Dick - Mayaquez Zoo, Puerto Rico  3) Dick - San Diego Zoo    4, 8) Dick - Pine Grove Waterfowl Park, Virginia  5, 6) Dick - Scotland  7) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights  
1, 2, 3) Female 4 - 8) Male  


Peafowl, Green  Pavo muticus  Found: southeast Asia
The sexes of the Green Peafowl are quite similar, especially outside of breeding season. The neck of both sexes is iredescent scaly green. Overall the female has slightly less iridescence and more barring on the back as well as the primaries.
Similar to: Common Peafowl. Male Common Peafowl is mainly blue; male Green Peafowl is mainly green.
Image by: 1) Haplochromis  2) BobIsTraveling - Sylvan Heights Waterfowl Park   3) Ron Knight  4) Frankyboy5 
1) Female  2, 3, 4) Male



Genus Phasianus - 1 species

Pheasant, Common also Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus  Found: Asia, Introduced: North America, Europe, Australia
The adult male Common Pheasant of the nominate subspecies has a long brown streaked black tail. The body plumage is barred bright gold and brown plumage with green, purple and white markings. The head is green with a small crest, and there is a white neck ring. The female has mottled brown plumage all over. There are many color forms of the male, ranging from nearly white to almost black.. These are due to captive breeding and hybridization.
Similar to: Sharp-tailed Grouse. The female Ring-necked Pheasant and female Sharp-tailed Grouse are similar. The Ring-necked Pheasant has a longer tail.
Image by: 1) Lukasz Lukasik  2) Banqan   3) Thermos  4) Alan D. Wilson - Vernon, British Columbia    5) Dick Daniels - Scotland  6) Sandy Cole - Sandwich, NH 
1, 2, 3) Female  4, 5, 6) Male




Genus Polyplectron
Peacock-pheasants are not genetically related to pheasants and only distantly to peafowl. Their closest allies are the Asiatic spurfowl and the crimson-headed partridge, endemic to Borneo. These three genera share the curious tendency for multiple metatarsal spurs. Though they are somewhat divergent morphologically, their skeletons are nearly identical.

Pheasant,_Bornean_Peacock-   Polyplectron schleiermacheri  Found: Borneo
The Bornean Peacock-Pheasant is similar to the Malayan Peacock-Pheasant. Their ranges do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Biodiversity_Heritage_Library


Pheasant,_Bronze-tailed_Peacock-   Polyplectron chalcurum  Found: Indonesia
Image by: 1) John_Booth


Pheasant,_Germain's_Peacock-   Polyplectron germaini  Found: Vietnam
The Germain's Peacock-Pheasant has dark brownish plumage with purplish "eye-spots"; short crest; bare red facial skin.
Image by: 1) Hume_amd_Marshall  2) Silvain_de_Munck  3) Jeroen_Kransen


Pheasant,_Gray_Peacock-   Polyplectron bicalcaratum  Found: southeast Asia
The Gray Peacock-Pheasant has gray plumage with green "eye-spots"; white throat.
Image by: 1) Tony_Hisgett  2) Kispal_Attila


Pheasant,_Hainin_Peacock-   Polyplectron katsumatae  Found: island of Hainin (China)
Image by: 1) jan_veenstra


Pheasant,_Malayan_Peacock-   Polyplectron malacense  Found: Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia
The Malayan Peacock-Pheasant has mainly brown plumage with small black spots and bars all over; "eyespots" on back, wings; blackish bill, legs. Female duller with fewer "eyespots"
Image by: 1) A Davey  2) Stavenn


Pheasant,_Mountain_Peacock-   Polyplectron inopinatum  Found: Malay Peninsula
The male Mountain Peacock-Pheasant has chestnut upperparts with blue "eye-spots"; grayish head, underparts. Female duller than male and has black "eye-spots" on upperparts.
Image by: 1, 2) Josh_More  3) zolmuhd - Malaysia


Pheasant,_Palawan_Peacock-   Polyplectron napoleonis  Found: Philippines
Some male Palawan Peacock-Pheasants have white supercillia, giving a "double-barred" or masked appearance, others lack this trait,
Image by: 1) Stavenn 2) Francesco_Veronesi 3) Dante_Alighieri  4) Dick Daniels - Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle
1) Pair  2) Female  3, 4, 5) Male



Genus Pucrasia - 1 species

Pheasant,_Koklass  Pucrasia macrolopha  Found: high altitudes of Himalayas
The male Koklass Pheasant has silver-gray upperparts; black head; chestnut breast; large white neck patches. Female has brown upperparts; small white neck patch; white throat.
Image by: 1) Joseph_Wolf  2) Sheila_Mary_Castelino  3) Alastair_Rae - China



Genus Rheinardia- 1 species

Argus,_Crested  Rheinardia ocellata  Found: Vietnam
The Great Argus has mainly brown plumage with marbling; bold white arc above eye from bill to neck..
Similar to: Great Argus. Great Argus has blue head, neck; Crested Argus does not. Their ranges do not overlap.
Image by: 1) Nguyer_Thanh_Quang  2) Diego_Delso



Genus Syrmaticus
The males have long tails, usually red facial wattles, short spurs. Female are drab brown.

Pheasant, Copper  Syrmaticus soemmerringii  Found: Japan
The male Copper Pheasant has coppery-chestnut plumage; yellowish bill; brown iris; long tail. Female has grayish-brown upperparts; dark brown underparts with buff bars.
Image by: 1, 3) nkenji  2) Stavenn 
1) Female  2, 3) Male


Pheasant, Elliot's  Syrmaticus ellioti  Found: southeast China
The male Elliot's Pheasant has brown and white plumage; black throat; red facial skin; long rusty-barred whitish tail. Female has rufous-brown plumage; black throat; whitish belly; less barred tail.
Image by:  1) Cesar Ojeda - Gould  2) Joel Dinda  3) Snowyowls 
1) Pair  2, 3) Male


Pheasant,_Hume's  Syrmaticus humiae   Found: China, India, Bhuma, Thailand
The male Hume's Pheasant mainly chestnut-brown plumage; long grayish-white barred black-and-white tail; white wing-bars; grayish-brown head; yellowish bill. Female has brown upperparts; whitish throat; buff belly; white tipped tail.
Image by: 1) Donkey_shot  2) Joseph_Smit  3) Hume_and_Marshall  4) Jerry_Oldenettel


Pheasant, Mikado  Syrmaticus mikado  Found: Taiwan
The male Mikado Pheasant has blue-black plumage; white bars on a long tail; red facial skin.
Image by: 1, 3) Robert Tdc  2) Hiyashi Haka
1, 2) Male  3) Female


Pheasant, Reeves's  Syrmaticus reevesii Found: Asia 
The male Reeve's Pheasant has scaled golden, white, and red plumage; white head with black mask; long silvery-white tail barred with chestnut-brown; brown eyes; gray legs. Female has brown plumage; dark crown; buff face; gray-brown barred tail.
Image by: 1, 3, 4, 5) Dick Daniels - Sylvan Heights  2) Sandy Cole - Sylvan Heights
1, 2) Female  3, 4, 5) Male




Genus Tetraogallus
The snowcocks are ground-nesting birds that breed in the mountain ranges of southern Eurasia from the Caucasus to the Himalayas and western China. . Snowcocks feed on plants and plant seeds.

Snowcock,_Altai  Tetraogallus altaicus  Found: China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia
Image by: 1) Ogilvie-Grant  2) Tumendelger_Khumbaa


Snowcock,_Caspian Tetraogallus caspius  Found: Azerbaijan , Armenia, Iran, Turkey
The Caspian Snowcock has mainly gray plumage; white neck with gray stripe on either side.
Image by: 1) Jonathan_Cardy  2) John_Gould


Snowcock,_Caucasian Tetraogallus caucasicus  Found: Russia, Turkey
The Caucassian Snowcock looks gray, but upon closer inspectionit is patterned with gray, brown, white and black; white throat; rust colored nape. . The breast is darker and flanks ruddier than rest of body.
Image by: 1) Martinov


Snowcock, Himalayan  Tetraogallus himalayensis  Found: North America (introduced Nevada), Asia
Similar to: Chukar. Only the heads of Chukar and Himalayan Snowcock are similar.
Image by: 1) Sergey Yeliseev  2) Alastair Rae


Snowcock, Tibetan  Tetraogallus tibetanus  Found: Himalayas and the Tibetan Plateau
The Tibetan Snowcock has gray head and neck with white patch behind the eye; white chin, throat, breast; rufous brown tail; reddish legs, bill.
Image by: 1) McKay Savage - Nepal  2) Pietro Columba - Nepal  3) Craig Taylor



Genus Tragopan

Tragopan, Blyth's  Tragopan blythii  Found: Asia
The male Blyth's Tragopan has a rusty red head; yellow facial skin; small white dots on back; small black band from base of bill to the crown; black band behind the eyes; 2 pale blue horns that become erect during breeding season. Female has dark brown plumage;  with a mixture of black, buff and white.
Image by: 1) John Keuleman's  2) Nathan Rupert  3) JoJan


Tragopan, Cabot's  Tragopan caboti  Found: southeast China
Image by: 1) Nathan Rupert  2) Marrabbio  3, 4) Dick Daniels - Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle


Tragopan, Satyr  Tragopan satyra  Found: Asia
The male Satyr Tragopan has red plumage with white spots and freckles; black crown and forehead; dark blue facial skin. Female has brown plumage. It is found in the Himalayan reaches of India, Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan.
Similar to: Temminck's Tragopan. Male Temminck's Tragopan light blue facial skin; male Satyr Tragopan has dark blue facial skin. Female Temminck's Tragopan has bolder and more regularly patterned underparts than female Satyr Tragopan.
Image by: 1) Frank Vincentz  2) Kuribo  3) Sarah Gadd
1) Juvenile male  2, 3) Male


Tragopan, Temminck's  Tragopan temminckii  Found: Asia
The male Temminck's Tragopan is a red and orange bird with white spots; black bill; pink legs; light blue facial skin. Female has brown plumage with white spots; blue eye-ring. Found in northeast India, northwest Vietnam, Tibet and northern provinces of China.
Similar to: Satyr Tragopan. Male Temminck's Tragopan light blue facial skin; male Satyr Tragopan has dark blue facial skin. Female Temminck's Tragopan has bolder and more regularly patterned underparts than female Satyr Tragopan.
Image by: 1) Pan Weterynarz  2) Doug Janson  3) Dick Daniels - Washington National Zoo


Tragopan,_Western  Tragopan melanocephalus Found: Himalayas of Asia
The male Western Tragopan mainly dark gray plumage with numberous white spots; bare blue facial skin; bare red throat skin; small black crest.
Image by: 1) Daniel_Elliot  2) John_Cordor




Turkey

Order Galliformes    Family Phasianidae   


Genus Meleagris

Turkey, Ocellated  Meleagris ocellata  Found: Central America
The Ocellated Turkey has a mixture or iridescent bronze and green plumage; bluish-gray tail. The tail spots, or ocelli, for which the Ocellated Turkey is named, have been likened to the patterning typically found on peafowl.
Image by: 1, 2) Dick Daniels - San Diego Zoo   3) Sandy Cole - San Diego Zoo  4) Dennis Jarvis - Guatemala


Turkey, Wild Meleagris gallopavo   Found: North America, introduced elsewhere
Male turkeys have a long, dark, fan-shaped tail and glossy bronze wings. Females have feathers that are duller overall, in shades of brown and gray.
Image by: 1, 2, 3) Dick Daniels - North Carolina  4, 5, 6) Dick - New Hampshire   7) Dick - Hawaii  8) Dick - Sylvan Heights



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